The findings are published online and will appear in the July issue of the Journal of Nutrition.
“Little research has been done on how diet impacts physical function later in life. We study the connection between diet and many other aspects of health, but we don’t know much about diet and mobility, ” says Francine Grodstein, ScD, senior author of the study and a researcher in the Channing Division of Network Medicine at BWH. “We wanted to look at diet patterns and try to learn how our overall diet impacts our physicial function as we get older. “
Researchers examined the association between the Alternative Healthy Eating Index, a measure of diet quality, with reports of impairment in physical function among 54,762 women involved in the Nurses’ Health Study. Physical function was measured by a commonly used standard instrument every four years from 1992 to 2008 and diet was measured by food frequency questionnaires, which were administered approximately every four years beginning in 1980.
The data indicate that women who maintained a healthier diet were less likely to develop physical impairments compared to women whose diets were not as healthy. They also found a higher intake of vegetables and fruits, a lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, trans-fats, and sodium, and a moderate alcohol intake, were each significantly associated with reduced rates of physical impairment. Among individual foods, the strongest relations were found for increased intakes of oranges, orange juice, apples and pears, romaine or leaf lettuce, and walnuts. However, researchers noted specific foods generally had weaker associations than the overall score, which indicates that overall diet quality is more important than individual foods.
“We think a lot about chronic diseases, cancer, heart disease, and tend not to think of physical function. Physical function is crucial as you age; it includes being able to get yourself dressed, walk around the block, and could impact your ability to live independently,” says Kaitlin Hagan, ScD, MPH, first author and a postdoctoral fellow at BWH.
Future research is needed to better understand dietary and lifestyle factors that influence physical function.
More than 10 million people had a stroke in 2013 and more than 30 million people worldwide live with a stroke diagnosis.
Merete Osler, M.D., D.M.Sc., Ph.D., of Copenhagen University, Denmark, and coauthors used data linked from seven Danish nationwide registers to examine how risk and risk factors for depression differ between patients with stroke and a reference population without stroke, as well as how depression influences death.
Among 135,417 patients with stroke, 34,346 (25.4 percent) had a diagnosis of depression within two years after stroke and more than half of the cases of depression (n=17,690) appeared in the first three months after stroke.
In a reference population of 145,499 people without stroke, 11,330 (7.8 percent) had a depression diagnosis within two years after entering the study and less than a quarter of the cases (n=2,449) appeared within the first three months, according to the results.
The risk of depression in patients during the first three months after stroke was eight times higher than in the reference population without stroke, the authors report.
Major risk factors for depression for patients after stroke and in the reference population were older age, female sex, living alone, basic educational attainment, diabetes, a high level of somatic comorbidity, history of depression and stroke severity (in patients with stroke), according to the results.
In both groups — patients with stroke and the reference population without stroke — depressed individuals, especially those with new onset, had increased risk of death from all causes.
Study limitations include a definition of depression that was based on psychiatric diagnoses and filling of antidepressant prescriptions, and most cases were defined by filling antidepressants, which can be prescribed for various diseases.
“Depression is common in patients with stroke during the first year after diagnosis, and those with prior depression or severe stroke are especially at risk. Because a large number of deaths can be attributable to depression after stroke, clinicians should be aware of this risk,” the study concludes.
The study looked at the body mass index (BMI) of people when they were young and compared it to when they were middle aged to see whether it affected their risk of heart attack, stroke or diabetes.
Men who had high BMI levels at 21, but had lowered their BMI by the time they were 50, had similar or lower rates of diabetes as people who were normal weight when younger, the results showed.
In a unique approach, the study used the records of men’s military service, which recorded their BMI at 21, as well as participant recall and followed up with them 30 years later.
Lead research Professor Christopher Owen from St George’s University of London said the effects of high BMI early in life may be reversible.
“Even in men who carried out UK National Service and were relatively thin in early life compared to more recent men, higher levels of fatness in early adult life appear to be associated with later diabetes,” he said.
“However, effects of early body mass appear to be reversible by subsequent weight loss. These findings have important implications for Type 2 diabetes prevention, especially in more recent adults with high levels of obesity.”
But the study, which examined almost 5000 men, found that a higher BMI earlier in life did not impact on the risk of heart attack or stroke.
However, men who were obese when they were 50 had increased chances of suffering a heart attack, stroke or diabetes.
Obesity is the biggest risk factor for type 2 diabetes and over 4 million people in the UK are at high risk of developing the condition.
What Are the Benefits of Using Foam Rollers? Foam rollers also termed as muscle rollers provide any person with a lot of advantages once they use them. They are sure to bring about a lot of improvement on the person’s quality of life as well as their overall performance. Some of their benefits are made mention as follows. – Once they are used during warming up, the chances of you getting injured are prevented and the severity of your injury will not worsen. These effects happen as blood is pumped out more easily towards the injured area when the muscles are being activated. – It bears the action of massaging your deep tissues making the time to recover after your exercises much faster. This is the case because using this equipment will increase the flow of essential nutrients and oxygen to your muscles. It is also capable of quickly getting rid of all of the toxins in your body.
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– It relieves any form of pain being felt by the person such as runner’s knee, sore calves, and back pain. Any kind of pain is easily prevented with the aid of foam rollers because they make sure to target specific pressure points in the body. When you make use of foam rollers, the pain you are feeling is immediately relieved.
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– Using foam rollers is the same as getting a deep massage because you are rid of any form of soreness, tight muscles, as well as muscle tension. Foam rollers even allow you to adjust the massage intensity you are getting based upon your preferences. What are the different kinds of foam rollers? Foam rollers are currently being offered in the market in various kinds. To make sure that the one you buy suits your requirements and preferences best, get to know the different kinds of foam rollers first. EPE foam rollers – this is made of a pool noodle surface finish that is the most basic and the cheapest compared with other kinds of foam rollers. Nevertheless, this is the kind of foam roller usually being recommended to those who just want to try out making use of such an equipment. EVA foam rollers – in comparison with EPE foam rollers, EVA foam rollers have a much smoother finish and are better in quality are even more durable. Even though this kind is sort of expensive, it is capable of providing one with better results while doing massage. Molded foam rollers – this type of roller has a smooth finish that has just been recently released in the market. This kind of foam roller is long-lasting and is most definitely going to provide any person the best massage experience of their lives. Their performance even go beyond that of EPE and EVA foam rollers. Whichever type you choose, just make sure to get one that gets you the most convenient and the most benefit.
How To Stay In Shape Without Going To The Gym.
Joining the gym is an excellent method of staying fit; however it is not the only way. Make sure that you buy a pedometer that will measure the amount of exercise that you have done on a daily basis. It is recommended that you take up to ten thousand steps every day so that you can stay fit. That means that if your work involves sitting down for long hours, you ought to add more activities to your daily program. Therefore, you should take your dog outside your house and walk for a reasonable distance before you start your day.
Even if you do not own a dog, you can walk someone else’s dog on the weekends and at the times that you are free. Additionally, you should ensure that you walk faster so that you can reach your target. Another easy way to remain fit is to leave your car at home and instead walk to work. In the beginning, you can walk for a short distance and then take your car for the rest of the journey.
Even though you might have a lot of work, you should set a reminder so that you can get up now and then. When you stand you burn more calories. When you get up from your chair, ensure that you walk a few steps. In other words, you should focus on moving your body even if it is to a small degree. Therefore, you should begin a habit of moving your body; however, you should not irritate the people that are around you.
Another way to remain fit is through breathing deeply and relaxing. You can take deep breaths in your car before going to work. In addition, you should make an effort to do various chores around your house.
Similarly, you should consider outdoor hobbies that you can do with your children as well as friends. That means that rather than staying at home during the weekends, you should think of various activities that you can do together with your friends. The activities that you do with your friends should be entertaining so that you can always look forward to them. If you prefer to meet your friends away from your house; then you can choose sports such as swimming and bowling.
The other way to ensure that you retain your desirable weight is to avoid foods that have high amounts of sugar. That means that you will require intensive exercises that can only be done in the gym so as to burn off the calories found in junk meals. Ensure that you take a lot of fruits especially when you are craving to eat junk foods.
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The Advantages of Taking Health Vitamins
Vitamins can be consumed in a number of ways. Typically, vitamins are obtained through the foods we eat, but depending on your cultural or cuisine traditions, it is common to be low in some natural vitamin intake. Thus, the nutrition industry has produced supplements that can boost the vitamin balance in your body. A multivitamin is generally considered to be one of the best alternative for enhancing the overall balance of your body, specifically if you have a job or a lifestyle that generally is the reason to you missing meals, eating at irregular times, or eating the same food very frequently.
Vitamins and other dietary supplements are not meant to be replacements for food. They are not aimed at replacing all of the nutrients and benefits of whole foods. Instead, they are originally made to defend you against micronutrient deficiencies caused by insufficient dietary intake. Here are some of the top reasons for you to take health vitamins.
Supplement Inadequate Nutrients
When the food on your plate is inadequate and does not carry essential nutrients such as calcium, potassium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and other nutrients that many people don’t have enough of, supplements can help boost your nutritional intake. Vitamin and mineral supplements can help you avoid deficiencies that can bring about chronic diseases. Many studies have established the health benefits and effectiveness of supplementing missing nutrients in the diet. In fact, a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study discovered increased bone density and lower incidence of fractures in postmenopausal women who take calcium and vitamin D.
Recommended for People with Medical Conditions
Some people need vitamin supplements because of some medical conditions that can cause deficiencies. People who do not have a regular balanced diet, for instance, because they are poor, are battling an alcohol addiction, or have dietary restrictions (such as vegans), may gain a lot from particular vitamin pills. In the same way, supplements are also advisable for people with serious gut conditions such as Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, chronic diarrhea, or gastric bypass surgery that impede the absorption of vitamins in food. Furthermore, people on dialysis because kidney failure may need to take vitamin supplements.
Individuals with Specific Needs
Some brands of vitamins supplements are especially designed to foster hair growth; relieve joint stiffness, pain and swelling from arthritis; relieve the symptoms of depression; and help make a woman’s body ready for a healthy pregnancy. Women, men, children and seniors all can choose from several multivitamin brands. Adults of all ages who get so little exposure to sunlight such as those who are homebound or in an institution may need to take vitamin D supplements.
Ways in Which Workout Clothes Can Enhance Your Workouts
You most likely never considered having fitted and fashionable clothing before. But they can, in fact, make your workout more efficient. Why spend any money on workout clothes when the same money could be spent on other items? Here are ways in which buying workout clothing can help your workout.
Trendy workout clothes allows you to feel Better. When you purchase new clothes and use them you feel better than average. The day you wear new garments you feel fresh and new, you’re feeling like nothing can stop you that day. The nice thing is this feeling may go on for months with new clothes, it’s not just initially. The same is true for fitness clothing; only, in this case, you are going to work out harder, spend a lot more focus on performing the exercises in better condition, and you will generally have a much better prognosis on your workout.
When you spend money on something you become more committed to it. When you buy new clothes for workouts, you sense that from today on your personality shifted a bit. You are now treading on a fresh path. You will believe that there is no going back now when you purchase workout gear. You’re spending money on something you believe in. You are investing in the need to change yourself, to work out harder and realize the shape you’ve always desired. The purchase is the thing that produces the true devotion.
Not the least of significance is the fact that workout clothing is actually useful. It enables you to stretch out, it sucks up much of that which you perspire, letting your body breathe easily. It is usually a superb experience from not fretting about your body having more room to breathe and sweat, as you do have more power to workout in these types of clothing. Still another aspect that is favorable is its suppleness. Plenty of the times, regular clothes will not allow you to stretch out fully. So when you only do 70% of the full movement, you will notice just 70% of the effect.
As they say, the type of clothing you wear make the first impression. To yourself although not to the rest. Have you ever found that when you dress up properly, in all your best clothes and go out you feel especially amazing? The reason for that is because you might have already made your mind up about being good looking. And you also did that since you observed the fine clothing on you. The same happens with workout clothes. When you wear all the right clothes, when you feel the newness of the clothing you are mentally ready for the workout.
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Why Should You Have A Body Massage?
A lot of people out there are stressed out with the many things that they do especially when it comes to the activities they do at work. The good news is that stress is manageable if you know how. If you are serious at relieving stress, it is best if you have a massage.
The good news with this is that there are a lot of massage spas that are available out there. There are a lot of benefits you can get from having a massage. There are so many different benefits that you can get from this.
It is one of the ways to relax and feel great about yourself. There are different techniques that are used for this kind of therapy. One of the benefits of massage is relaxing your muscles in the body. Do you know that massage can also improve your immune system? For those who are feeling pain all over their body, this is one of the solutions to it. It is even accepted by a lot of hospitals in order to help in healing injuries. Aside from that, it is known to improve joint mobility. Before you have a massage, it is best if you talk to your care provider first.
There are different kinds of massages that are available or are being offered. In order to help you with your choices, you can research more information about it. One of the famous types of massage is the Swedish massage because it helps people be relieved from stress and get the relaxation they need. It helps in relaxing the tissues in the body. Because of this, you are able to loosen the muscles in the body.
It gives relief for your feelings and emotions as well. There is also a type of massage that can straighten up the spinal cord. People who need healing can very much benefit from this. This kind of therapy has long history and it has been practiced for many years. You can become more confident with this kind of therapy knowing that it is also being practiced in hospitals these days. A lot of medical experts around the world are also using different techniques to help their patients be relieved. One of the benefits of massage to the body is improving its blood circulation. This is very important to ensure that there is enough blood running to your organs and other systems in the body. This can result to fast recovery and healing for all systems and organs in the body. Aside from that, it provides enough oxygen to the body parts. Whenever you feel tired or stress, you can go to the massage therapy clinic right away to get the relaxation and healing you need.
How Vitamins Can Help You Be Healthy
These days, it is not surprising to discover that there are still thousands of people who do not recognize the value of taking vitamins. And the fact that there are many people throughout the globe do not get the right amount of nutrients from the food they consume each day is in fact, unfortunate. Keep in mind, if you take vitamins, therefore, this will help you look as well as feel much younger. As a consequence, not only will your confidence improve but also, your general health will also improve.
It is very important for you to know the type of vitamins your body truly requires, and for you to achieve this, it is best that you visit your doctor. There are certain blood tests which must be performed so that the doctor will know which vitamins you truly need. You can acquire natural vitamins from certain foods you consume. From time to time, you are not getting the appropriate amount of vitamins for the reason that the food you eat are not right or maybe, you are eating the appropriate combination of foods, and these are the reasons why it is important for you to consider taking some vitamins.
Vitamins can be acquired in different forms that will include pills, powder, liquid, as well as in oils. You also have the option of getting a vitamin shot from your personal doctor in the event you do not seem to get any kind of improvement from your vitamins. You can acquire nearly all types of vitamins you are looking for at your local drug stores. If you are still not sure what form of vitamins you need to take, in that case, you can surely ask the assistance of licensed pharmacists as they are knowledgeable regarding this matter. You can also go to the supermarkets and local department stores as these places can also offer you different kinds of vitamins.
If your intention is to relieve stress, in that case, make sure that you are going to take vitamins. In addition to that, vitamins can actually aid you in controlling your weight, and also improve your immune system, this way, you can be healthy and maintain that state as well. There are certain vitamins as well which can help you in controlling your blood pressure. If you are looking for certain vitamins that are known to offer support to our cardiovascular system, they are also available in the market. And of course, there are also some vitamins which can help you obtain that glowing and healthier skin.
The internet can be a useful place when you are searching for certain vitamins that are not available in your local area.
Weight Loss and Hair: A Guide If you would like to undertake a hair restoration or even reduce some weight, there are some few methods through which people get to use, amongst the most known are the use of medical procedures, mostly known as surgeries, when getting to undertake the surgeries, always get to ensure you can find a professional whom will ensure that you are well taken care of. Looking for a surgeon will ensure that you attain some quality practices thus making the entire surgery a success, therefore, if you are conducting the hair transplant, the surgery will make sure that you have hair on your head and it looks great; also you will be sure that it gets to grow. There are several ways through which you can get to look for a qualified surgeon, one of them is through the use of the internet whereby you get to look for ones within your area or ones that will fit your expectations, the best advantage of the internet is that you will find the one that you are looking for. Likewise, you can use an alternative of relatives or even friends, doing so is way much easier since you do not have to spend much time looking for a professional, on the other hand, you get to find that it will be much easier to conduct an evaluation since you just need to ask your sources for an honest review. With the internet, you get to find that you attain many benefits, that is, you will be able to find someone of your choice, not someone you might have been told of, you get to make your choice and find a surgeon who is qualified according to your standards. Therefore, you will find a professional with whom you can go ahead and conduct your individual evaluation to ensure that they indeed can be able to satisfy you, satisfaction will be in terms of making sure that the surgery goes as planned, therefore, with the internet you can be able to ensure that the surgeon has the required certification and indeed he or she is competent.
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Get to be focused when conducting the research thus being able to ensure that you find a great surgeon, likewise, you get to make sure that you have found a professional who knows everything that has to deal with hair restorations or even getting to conduct the medical weight loss procedures; therefore you will not have to be worried. To get the best or most out of the internet, ensure that you look into the comment section of each and every website you visit, doing so will ensure that you learn more about the surgeon from the clients, that is, you get to find reviews from the clients in this section thus being able to make a decision on which surgeon is the best. 6 Lessons Learned: Health
Facts About Testosterone Treatment Because of the advancement in science and technology these days, different kinds of treatments have been made for men and women. In fact, right now there is already solution or treatment for low testosterone levels in the body for both men and women. This kind of condition must be treated right away especially because of the fact that it is not east to live having this problem. The good news is that there are some treatments available for this kind of condition. The good news is that you are living in the age of technological advancements that is why there are new researches and discoveries in the field of medicine that you can benefit a lot. Have you heard about the many different testosterone treatments that are available these days? The good thing with this is that you can choose one that is suitable for you. It is important that you ask help from these medical professionals to get the proper diagnosis for your condition. It would actually be impossible to receive the right treatment without proper diagnosis. It is important that you receive treatment right away to reap the benefits of it. There are also some symptoms that you need to check if you suspect to have low level of testosterone. The most common symptoms that you need to check are depression, fatigue and changes in the body composition. When you have low levels of testosterone, the fats in your body might increase and your muscles might also decrease. For those who are diagnosed with it, they will have increase heart attacks and lack of libido.
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The good news is that there are different testosterone therapies that are available these days.
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One of the ways that your level will increase is through injection. The treatment itself is in need of an advice from the doctor so that right method of treatment will be made. The good news is that these doctors will also teach you how to do it. Those who want privacy, they can learn the method properly and inject it to their body all by themselves at the comforts of their home. The good thing with this method is that it has been proven to be effective in increasing the level of testosterone in the body. Because of its effectiveness, you can be sure that your money will not be put to waste. The next common testosterone treatment is the testosterone pellets. It makes use of little pellets to be placed under the skin so that more testosterone will be released into the body. If not, it is also best to choose another alternative which is the testosterone cream. It is not only proven to be effective but as well as does not require incision of body parts so that there will be no pain during treatment.
A Cup of Green Match Tea Provides you with Comprehensive Health Benefits
More people are now becoming health conscious than before. This consciousness should not leave you behind. Take a very informed choice especially on the type of beverage that you consume and in this case, matcha green tea which is treasured by various famous nutritionists and other key players in the human health sector across the globe. This tells you that a cup of green matcha tea is no ordinary beverage. Matcha green tea is of high and quality grade, concentrated and graded, a beverage which has been used in Japan from the ancient times.
Other ordinary tea brands are normally like dust compared to matcha tea leaves because it is known to be a great fat burner and a cancer fighter. It has a chemical which is naturally occurring which is anti-carcinogenic. By this, it simply mean that it can induce the death of cancerous cells as well inducing their growth. Besides this, it is also has a free radical scavenging a fact which makes it a very rich antioxidant. It also encourages your body’s natural detoxification systems. You now understand why matcha green tea is a special beverage which you have been looking for.
Chances are, you are aware of some of the health benefits of green tea, if you are aware of them then, consuming green matcha tea amplifies all the health benefits which you are aware of. Polyphenol compounds called catechins is the secret behind the super strength of the matcha green tea. This is more so to matcha tea which is concentrated powdered form, a beverage with comprehensive health benefits.
Have a brief overview of the top health benefits of the green matcha tea. Cancer cases have been on the increase in the current days. Green matcha tea offers a great solution in subduing bladder cancer, breast cancer and the prostate cancer.
This beverage is also a great solution to weight loss. This means that it boosts your metabolism and aids with weight loss. Besides, tells it is very good for the athletes who focus on high-intensity work outs such as burst training because it helps in speedy recovery.
Matcha tea is a good food source of disease fighting catechins. You now have a reason to take a cup of matcha green tea and not the typical brands which just stimulates you leaving you still vulnerable to various diseases. Now, because you have total control of your body health, drink green matcha tea and have all its health benefits.
The Secret of Matcha Tea
Any person who have had a taste of matcha tea will not ignore it whenever they are offered one at any given chance. To the few who knows its health benefits, they will ensure that they will try their best to offer some to their families. It would be healthy to know some of the health benefits of matcha tea prior to the actual purchase for the people who have not had a taste of it. Among the things a good number of people will speak highly of matcha tea include the fact that matcha tea is a beverage that boosts one alertness, concentration as well as improves general mental clarity. Comparing someone who uses matcha tea and the one who does not use, one would realize that the one who does not use matcha tea tend to be slower. Matcha tea is a perfect cup which each and every individual would wish to have each and every morning for him or her to have a bright day. It would be essential for one to ensure that he or she takes a cup of matcha tea now and then as a way of keeping alert as well as a way of keeping healthy.
Thanks to matcha tea, one can easily boost the immune system as he or she has fun with his or her tea. The detoxification role of the matcha tea tends to make it one of the most preferred beverage by people who understands its power. Among the diseases which matcha tea has been able to prevent and cure include fungal and viral infections, type 2 diabetes, cancer among others. It is also essential to note that individuals who know the immune boosting aspect of matcha tea will never take a cup of matcha tea lightly. Matcha tea is also known to help people with cardiovascular illnesses as well as gastrointestinal health issues. One would also need a cup even when he or she is perfectly healthy as matcha tea tends to prevent one from so many diseases. As though curing and preventing one from diseases is not enough, matcha tea is also an essential beverage that acts as an energy booster.
One would also need to know why matcha tea is different from the mainstream tea or as to why it has more health benefits as compared to tea. It would be wise to know that matcha tea is finely grounded tea but carefully refined and processed. Matcha tea is mainly made by specially picked and specially processed tea. Individuals have used it as a metabolism booster while those who tend to have a lot of thinking have used it as a concentration enhancer. It is only after realization of the health benefits of matcha tea experts tried their best to master the processing of matcha tea which include subjecting tea to a shade prior to harvest, special harvesting as well as special and complex processing.