The findings are published online and will appear in the July issue of the Journal of Nutrition.
“Little research has been done on how diet impacts physical function later in life. We study the connection between diet and many other aspects of health, but we don’t know much about diet and mobility, ” says Francine Grodstein, ScD, senior author of the study and a researcher in the Channing Division of Network Medicine at BWH. “We wanted to look at diet patterns and try to learn how our overall diet impacts our physicial function as we get older. “
Researchers examined the association between the Alternative Healthy Eating Index, a measure of diet quality, with reports of impairment in physical function among 54,762 women involved in the Nurses’ Health Study. Physical function was measured by a commonly used standard instrument every four years from 1992 to 2008 and diet was measured by food frequency questionnaires, which were administered approximately every four years beginning in 1980.
The data indicate that women who maintained a healthier diet were less likely to develop physical impairments compared to women whose diets were not as healthy. They also found a higher intake of vegetables and fruits, a lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, trans-fats, and sodium, and a moderate alcohol intake, were each significantly associated with reduced rates of physical impairment. Among individual foods, the strongest relations were found for increased intakes of oranges, orange juice, apples and pears, romaine or leaf lettuce, and walnuts. However, researchers noted specific foods generally had weaker associations than the overall score, which indicates that overall diet quality is more important than individual foods.
“We think a lot about chronic diseases, cancer, heart disease, and tend not to think of physical function. Physical function is crucial as you age; it includes being able to get yourself dressed, walk around the block, and could impact your ability to live independently,” says Kaitlin Hagan, ScD, MPH, first author and a postdoctoral fellow at BWH.
Future research is needed to better understand dietary and lifestyle factors that influence physical function.
More than 10 million people had a stroke in 2013 and more than 30 million people worldwide live with a stroke diagnosis.
Merete Osler, M.D., D.M.Sc., Ph.D., of Copenhagen University, Denmark, and coauthors used data linked from seven Danish nationwide registers to examine how risk and risk factors for depression differ between patients with stroke and a reference population without stroke, as well as how depression influences death.
Among 135,417 patients with stroke, 34,346 (25.4 percent) had a diagnosis of depression within two years after stroke and more than half of the cases of depression (n=17,690) appeared in the first three months after stroke.
In a reference population of 145,499 people without stroke, 11,330 (7.8 percent) had a depression diagnosis within two years after entering the study and less than a quarter of the cases (n=2,449) appeared within the first three months, according to the results.
The risk of depression in patients during the first three months after stroke was eight times higher than in the reference population without stroke, the authors report.
Major risk factors for depression for patients after stroke and in the reference population were older age, female sex, living alone, basic educational attainment, diabetes, a high level of somatic comorbidity, history of depression and stroke severity (in patients with stroke), according to the results.
In both groups — patients with stroke and the reference population without stroke — depressed individuals, especially those with new onset, had increased risk of death from all causes.
Study limitations include a definition of depression that was based on psychiatric diagnoses and filling of antidepressant prescriptions, and most cases were defined by filling antidepressants, which can be prescribed for various diseases.
“Depression is common in patients with stroke during the first year after diagnosis, and those with prior depression or severe stroke are especially at risk. Because a large number of deaths can be attributable to depression after stroke, clinicians should be aware of this risk,” the study concludes.
The study looked at the body mass index (BMI) of people when they were young and compared it to when they were middle aged to see whether it affected their risk of heart attack, stroke or diabetes.
Men who had high BMI levels at 21, but had lowered their BMI by the time they were 50, had similar or lower rates of diabetes as people who were normal weight when younger, the results showed.
In a unique approach, the study used the records of men’s military service, which recorded their BMI at 21, as well as participant recall and followed up with them 30 years later.
Lead research Professor Christopher Owen from St George’s University of London said the effects of high BMI early in life may be reversible.
“Even in men who carried out UK National Service and were relatively thin in early life compared to more recent men, higher levels of fatness in early adult life appear to be associated with later diabetes,” he said.
“However, effects of early body mass appear to be reversible by subsequent weight loss. These findings have important implications for Type 2 diabetes prevention, especially in more recent adults with high levels of obesity.”
But the study, which examined almost 5000 men, found that a higher BMI earlier in life did not impact on the risk of heart attack or stroke.
However, men who were obese when they were 50 had increased chances of suffering a heart attack, stroke or diabetes.
Obesity is the biggest risk factor for type 2 diabetes and over 4 million people in the UK are at high risk of developing the condition.
A personal injury attorney,also known as a plaintiff or trial lawyer is a type of civil litigator who provides legal representation to individuals who claim to have been injured or assaulted either physically,emotionally or psychologically as a result of negligence,wrongdoing by another individual or company or government agency or any other entity.Although Personal injury attorneys are trained and licensed to practice virtually any field of law,they are more knowledgeable and have more experience as well as specialization in an area of law known as Tort Law which deals extensively with but not limited to work injuries,automobile and other accidents,defective products,medical mistakes,slip and fall accidents,wrongful death,medical malpractice as well as defamation and actions for bad faith breach of contract.
What are their responsibilities?
Personal injury attorneys have quite a number of duties on aiding their clients.These duties include both ethical and professional codes of conduct and rules provided for by the association that license these lawyers.
They have the overall responsibility is to obtain justice and compensation for their clients which can be achieved by counseling,advocacy,legal advice or oral arguments.This can be established by talking to and interviewing the aforementioned in a bid to assess their cases.During this process,they further identify the pertinent issues within their client’s case and thereafter conduct extensive research in order to build a solid case.Actions taken during the investigation of a personal injury case include photographing the scene,locating and interviewing witnesses who were available at the time of the accident,reviewing insurance policies,communicating with the said insurance companies,gathering medical records and attempting to negotiate a settlement before the case reaches the court system or filing a lawsuit and litigating the case until it reaches a conclusion within the court system.Personal injury lawyers owe their clients a duty of loyalty and confidentiality thus are mandated to ensure that they are safe from being victimized by companies that offer insurance as well as the established legal system and must work to protect their clients’ best interests.
Their career make up
Personal injury attorneys are allowed to start private practices by themselves or join a larger firm as an associate or as a partner.The lawyers who opt for private practice offer more individualized advantages to the clients.These practitioners often take up smaller cases and charge lower fees.
What are the required certifications?
In order to successfully practice personal injury law,passing a written bar exam is mandatory in addition to a written ethics examination.It should be noted that these exams vary from state to state although majority states require that applicants have a college degree and a law degree from an accredited institution.
Professional regulations and associations
Personal injury attorneys are regulated by codes of conduct established by state bar associations which have the power to take disciplinary actions against lawyers that violate professional and ethical regulations.Such organizations include American Bar Association,Association of Personal Injury Attorneys and Association of Trial Lawyers of America to mention a few.
Typical lawyer fees are based on a number of factors which may include time and energy spent on the case,the outcome of the aforementioned,challenges faced while tackling the case,experience and prominence of the lawyer and costs associated with the case.Several standard payment options include contingency fees which is an agreed amount of recovery awarded to the plaintiff in a case,hourly rates,flat fees and retainers.In most cases,monetary recovery is obtained through settlement,mediation,arbitration or trial.
Written by Kellie Bertels, an attorney at Bandre, Hunt and Snider in Jefferson City, MO. Bandre, Hunt and Snider are the best personal injury attorneys Jefferson City MO have to offer.
While many people are experiencing difficulty going to sleep, more and more are also suffering from sleep disorders that makes a person excessively sleepy even during the day. It’s really damaging once you get any of those sleep problems. Most of these sleep problems normally affect someone’s normal lifestyle specially when it comes to work. Considering the fact that condition, it will be smart to search for a highly effective approach on how to manage this condition to recover your normal lifestyle.
People that are struggling with sleep issue like excessive feeling of being drowsy must look for a drug which could help them stay awake. With this, they will have full control of their drowsiness and eventually continue every work they must accomplish for the whole day.
This drug called Modafinil functions as a stimulating drug that keeps anyone awake. This drug has known efficient brand names just like armodafinil and also Provigil. This medicine assists someone to stay awake as it performs directly to the brain’s neurotransmitter. However, a few limitations must be observed when taking this type of medicine. If you’d like to take modafinil, then you must make sure you are not allergic into any component this drug contains. Individuals with heart problems are also not advised to use this drug.
In terms of the dosage and timing of the medicine, it really depends on the given prescription of the doctor. In order to experience the positive outcome of the medicine, it’s important to follow whatever the doctor says.
How can we get modafinil? It’s never that simple for you to have any brand of modafinil. Not like those OTC drugs that you could easily buy, this one is very different. Great thing there is Provigil online so you now have the opportunity to acquire one. To be able to buy one, you have to search for a trustworthy modafinil online pharmacy such as http://stayontop.org . Requirements to purchase may vary from site to site.
The good thing with buying modafinil online is that it comes with an information sheet that customers can use to be appropriately guided when taking it. This medicine works best once taken at the early morning. For those people who are working, modafinil should be taken an hour before the work hours. In case one dose is skipped, it’s never an option to take two doses everyday. What one has to do is to proceed with the normal schedule.
There are several negative effects you get from taking drugs. The most typical unwanted effects of modafinil drugs include dizziness, back pain, nausea and also diarrhea. Alcohol and a few specific drugs are not advised to be taken together with this drug. There are many drugs that you should not take with modafinil and to know very well what it is, you should visit your doctor.
You may find some relief from the ailment because you can fight your drowsiness but modafinil does not treat you from the illness. Nevertheless, you can still take the drug’s full effect when you think about all the instructions given by the doctor.
If you are suffering from oversleeping, purchasing modafinil online is the best solution you can get.Just always remember to store it at designated place to be able to retain its efficacy. The drug must be kept away from children, direct heat, moisture, and light.
How to Overcome a Weight Loss Plateau
Experiencing a time where your weight loss decelerates to nothing is a normal biological phenomenon. You’re consuming way less calories than you did before, so your metabolism is going to slow down in order to save them. This is admittedly a tough phase to overcome, but the good news is, it can be done.
Here are tips to get you moving forward on your weight loss plans:
As you start a diet and fitness program, you make substantial changes, like eating less sugary foods, and your body reacts to the caloric intake reduction such that you lose weight quickly.
To maintain the weight loss, you must create a steady calorie deficit, which means you have to concentrate on what actually counts — the amount of calories you take in and the amount of calories you burn. This is only possible if you count calories every single time you eat.
Yes, this can be really tedious and time-consuming, but it’s very, very effective as proven time and again through research.
Calorie Shock Method
When they stop losing weight, some people cut their caloric intake and/or increase their exercise even more, which is counterproductive.
Because all it does is slow your metabolism and put your body in starvation mode. Believing it is indeed in a state of starvation – caused by a calorie intake below 1,800 for women and 2,400 for men – your system will cling to whatever little calories you give it, making it harder for you to lose weight.
What you want to do is to make your body feel more secure, and then you “shock” it with a drastic calorie drop. That way, your weight loss can be sustained.
Workout Shock Method
The same shock method you apply to your calorie intake can also be applied to your workout, and give the same result. When you jog a mile for the first time, it will be rough. But if you’re on your 50th one-mile jog, it will have been much easier, right?
When you get used to a particular type of exercise, it ceases to be challenging and, as a result, it stops being effective. That’s why it’s so important to apply the “shock.” Swap your weights from time to time — heavy and more reps now, light and few reps the week from now.
Change the type of workout for every muscle. For instance, do chest presses one week, then push-ups the following, and on the third week, chest flies. They all engage the body part, but in very unique ways.
If you think you’ve done everything and your weight is still not budging, there’s one last thing that might be causing your plateau: your hormones. Examples of conditions that may be behind your weight loss resistance are plycystic ovarcy syndrome, thyroid disorder and insulin resistance.
But it is not for you to assume that hormones are the problem just those extra pounds aren’t going away. What you should do is consult an endocrinologist who will evaluate you and tell you what’s really happening.
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Guidelines in Staying Fit Easily
These days, people become aware that attaining a healthy and fit body is essential and is factor of living a happy life, but because of our work and lots of other things, attaining a fit body requires determination.
Each of us has different perception and preferences when it comes to achieving a fit physique.
If you have search online, you can find articles that promises you to attain your designed figure in a small span time.
Even though we have different body goals, the common ways to achieve our desired body is almost the same:
Try to stay active as often as you can, so you might decide to refrain using your car if your destination is not very far. If you’re constantly moving, your body becomes functional and it helps a lot in burning fats.
Ensure that you reduce your consumption of dairy and grain products. Just put in your mind that milk produce from animals are mean for their babies and not for the human beings to consume. If you’re already capable of chewing and eating hard foods, then choose meat and other healthy types of foods. This maybe hard for you because you’re already used to consuming lots of them, but if you really want to attain a healthy body, then you must start avoiding them.
Find a fitness coach who is willing to assist you in achieving your goal. A fitness coach must have worked with different types of people, and since they studied about this matter, they’re the best people to seek advice from. But it’s recommended that you find the right and reputable fitness coach in order to ensure that he knows what he’s doing. It’s expected that there are times that you will be discourage along the way, but if you have a fitness coach, you have somebody you can motivate and assist you along the way.
You need to focus on your own and your goal for 60 days and don’t worry about the people around you. Even if you’re working out, cooking or eating, you must put much consideration on your own and not with others. This also means that you have to forget other things in order to give way to your daily work out and have time to prepare the healthy foods that you must eat. Sometimes, other daily life issues can become overwhelming and can discourage you from focusing on your goal, therefore you must also do your best to forget those things.
Working out and changing your diet may seem difficult at first, but as long as you’re focus on your goal, you will surely reach your desired physique in a short span of time.
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How Can You Improve Your Self-Confidence?
There are a lot of cases of low self-confidence in some group of people around the world. There are different reasons or factors that could lead to this. If you are one of those people who need improvements in self-confidence, then you have to read this article to know the ways to improve it. There could be different areas in your life that has caused this. Often times, you see a lot of people who just lack self-confidence whenever they try speaking in front of a huge crowd. It is also very common especially when they need to present something during business meetings. If you are one those people, then you definitely have to fight and overcome it. So if you are one of those people, then there is no excuse why you should not consider it. The truth is that there are actually some secrets to improving your self-confidence.
First of all, you need to focus on improving both your mental and emotional state. The truth is that your emotion is somehow related to your confidence. It is true that this can really be influenced by how you feel. For this reason, you need to check your emotions first and know what you are really feeling. Some of the common causes that are related to emotions are fear, doubt or even anxiety. You can do this by always thinking positive with your situation and not worry about being embarrassed anymore. You have to remember that you have talents and skills to do it. Don’t allow your feelings to overcome you especially the negative ones because this can cause you fear along the way. There are times when people lost their confidence because of focusing their eyes on the uncertainties and inadequacies. The other reasons for this are because of the fear of getting embarrass in the end, being rejected or perhaps failing in what they do. Make sure that these things will not get into your mind and emotions because these can affect a lot. No one is actually exempted with this, that is why you need to be careful and alert always. It would be difficult to conquer this is you yourself will not learn to control or take care of your emotions. A good mental state is one that would bring in positive vibes and support. If would be problematic if your mind is not fighting together with you.
Make sure that all aspects or areas of your life are tackled with if you want to improve your self confidence. This is one of the ways that would help you end up successful. It is actually wrong to start dealing with skills first instead of your inner self. If you don’t consider this, it will not give a lasting change in the end and you don’t want that to happen.
Pilates- What Are The Benefits That You Can Get?
Are you suffering from back pains? The answer to your problem is doing pilates.
Here are the benefits of pilates:
A. Pilates can make a strong core
Pilates will help you have control over the smaller muscles in your body, like the ones in your lower abdomen and in your lower back. This will really help you have an improved core stability. When you have good core stability, you will be able to control the movement of your hips, pelvis and spinal joints. Having strong pelvic floor muscles, having better bladder control, improved stability in the pelvic part and it reducing lower back pain are just some of the benefits that you can get with pilates.
B. Pilates provides relaxation
Patilates is not like your typical exercise since it has a slower tempo. There are only at least 5 to 6 people in a pilates class, that is why it can really create a relaxed atmosphere combined with slow movements.
C. Pilates helps in improving your posture
A lot of health practitioners have proved that pilates can really improve the well-being of a person and even their posture. Experts really recommend pilates if you have a problem with your posture and have muscle imbalance.
D. Pilates can improve your athletic performance
There are plenty of professional athletes that do pilates, since it can prevent them from getting injured. A lot of injured athletes, undergo pilates for them to easily recover and get back in shape.
E. Pilates can improve your co-ordination
By doing pilates, your awareness to your body will be heightened. A person can become more co-ordinated when he or she is more aware with his or her body.
Since the movements in pilates are slow, people will have a much deeper level of interpretation with their brain and nervous system. in order for the people to have better co-ordination, they will repeat the movement for a couple of times.
F. Pilates can help you have better alignment
Experts recommend Pilates to people that had spinal surgery. But, this kind of surgery can actually be avoided since Pilates can train you to have proper spinal alignment. Pilates can really help a person have better control with their spinal musculature.
G. Pilates can improve your concentration
The movements in Pilates are precise, slow and controlled that is why it is really important that we are concentrated during the session. The level of concentration will really improve and even allows you to enter a meditative state.
H. Pilates can improve your stamina
The level of stamina will improve since the duration of the sessions of Pilates are long.
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Best Features of Copper Compression Sleeves
If you do regular physical exercises, then you may have experienced joint pains. One is also exposed to consistent tiredness. Injuries are common in physical exercise. Despite this, no one would wish to experience any of them. To be true, their effects are less passion for training. You can, however, minimize these effects by training in the right gear. There exists different types of compression gear which are meant to help one train with comfort. One of the distinguished types of the Copper compression wear. It has many desirable properties worth of thinking of if you are to achieve physical fitness comfortably. There are tops and bottoms types of copper compression wear. Both men and women will get their suitable compression wear. Every size of a wearer is well taken care of including children.
Joint weakness and pains are common irrespective of the program you are undertaking. The Copper compression gear helps you to support the joints minimizing the vibration and play field. The fatigue and risks of injury are thus considerably reduced. The fuse about the Copper compression gear and more muscle power warrants attention. the simple science is to stimulate more blood flow. Increased blood flow is associated with increased uptake of oxygen. This oxygen is to break glucose releasing more energy. The effect is that the player on Copper compression wear has the most powerful balls throw. This also helps minimize the rate of getting fatigue.
The copper gear is made to suit different parts including, the knees, ankles, tops and other body parts depending on the game you are interested in. They also help you minimize the incidence of bacterial infection. Copper has antibacterial properties which kill bacteria at almost a 100 %. The gear is designed taking it in mind that is intended for training. As such, they are made with high aeration power meaning that they don’t soak on sweat. There are types of wear that are not sweat proof and will get smelly when you sweat.
It quickens pain relief by minimizing the joint movements. For the best deal on Copper compression wear, ensure that you shop around. Most of the copper gear are sold with a warranty of money back if you are not satisfied with the product. You can easily access them over the internet. The Copper compression wear is the piece you need to have the best training experience. They give you the freedom to maximize on your training while paying cheaply for the gear. What you get from these wear is boosted muscle strength, quick recovery, support of joints and muscles as well as prevention of injuries. Get yourself advancing in the program by flowing the training manual as well as being in the right costume.
Why Compression Wear Is Beneficial
Compression wear has become very famous nowadays that whenever you watch a sporting event, you will see one or two players that have compression wears. The popularity of compression wear is because it gives a lot of benefits not only for sports enthusiasts but also for ordinary people. Athlete or not, wearing compression gear will benefit you greatly. Compression wear has many benefits and below are some of them.
IT is very common for athletes of for anybody to get sprains or strains. Compression gear can help treat this common injury. Your chances of getting strained or sprained are less because compression wear keeps the joints together through its tightness. A lot of professional athletes that have to constantly use joints in their bodies for their sport wear compression wear so that they won’t easily injury themselves. So if you are planning on going for a jog, skateboarding, javelin throwing, etc., you should really get the compression wear for sprain and strain safety.
Another thing that is very beneficial about the compression wear is that it actually slows down fatigue. This can be surprising to many. Tight compression wear against the skin help the blood go back to the heart. The quick travel of blood back to the heart will help you to get tired lesser. With compression wear athletes who joint sports activities that need lots of energy and endurance are able to withstand the difficulty more. If you are just planning on going for an afternoon jog or walk, then this can be helpful to you as well.
We also all experience muscle aches and muscle sores. Athletes and non athletes experience muscle aches and soreness most of the time. The compression wear can actually help relieve the pain from muscle stiffness and soreness. There is pressure to aching muscles because they are held tightly together by the compression wear. With compression wear, our muscle aches and soreness are healed more quickly. Again, this is because of the holding of the muscles tightly together.
What is great about compression wear is not only the benefits that were given above but there are a lot more that you can gain from using it whether you are an athlete or not. This type of wear is really something that will benefit anybody. And since they are very popular you can not only find them in sports stores and department stores, those who prefer to shop online will also find a lot of sites selling these compression wear which you can buy anytime, anywhere. Types of compression wear are available depending on what body part you will use them.
Why You Need To Have Concrete Sealing
The concrete is considered as the most widely used material in the construction industry. It is widely used to the fact that it is very strong and durable. But despite this, these material has also its share of drawbacks. The porosity of the material makes it prone to catching dirt as it absorbs any material placed into it.
One of the best way order to address this problem is to seal it. By coating the concrete top surfaces, its porosity will be addressed. In order to make sure that the concrete will have a better look, you can add color pigment to it. Cleaning surface thoroughly is one way of making sure that you will have the best surface before applying the sealing material.
Having a floor or concrete area that is sealed is also considered as a healthier and cleaner environment. You will have a longer lasting concrete areas once you make sure that you have sealed it. A sealed concrete area can also add to the value of your home.
Short Course on Materials – What You Should Know
Projects can be demand and needs concrete to be impenetrable. There will be no water penetration when the concrete surface has been sealed. There will be discoloration and dirt formation once water will be able to enter the concrete surface. All the water build up can cause mold and mildew formation. These factors can also cause the concrete to emit a bad odor. Water can also make the concrete expand and then eventually crumble. You will then be having a bad looking concrete since these things happen.
Materials – My Most Valuable Tips
The concrete materials are present in almost all of the major parts of the building. Concrete will help protect the concrete surface. This is very valuable especially in car parks, stairways, flooring and other areas where there is heavy use. Despite the fact that concrete is strong, its porosity is the one that makes it vulnerable to damage. The concrete surface will become dirty and filthy once chemicals will be spilled on it. In the areas where heavy traffic is seen , you will commonly see concrete undergoing abrasion, cracking ad pockmarking. There will be a significant decrease in the value of the property once the concrete is damaged. This is the very reason why you should always consider concrete sealing your property. In cases that the concrete is exposed to many elements, it is the concrete sealing that protects it. This is very true especially in outdoor areas.
The overall look of the concrete surface will be improved with the help of a converter sealing. A professionally done concrete sealing will ask the floor better looking and there will be no need for carpets and even wood tiles. BY having your concrete sealed, all of the blemishes of the concrete will be removed.
Hire a Pressure Washing Service with These 3 Signs
Your home is an investment so be sure to treat it like one. If you want to keep your home looking as clean and new as the first time you walked into it, you should be sure to care for all the different aspects of your structure. This means you should make it a point to perform the necessary repairs and proper and frequent cleaning to keep it in peak condition. But because the dirt and filth around your home can become a challenge, you should know when it’s time to call in a professional pressure washing service.
It’s all too common to feel a little confused about when you should call a professional pressure washing service. Learn more here.
1. If Filth is Extensive – Any homeowner will always try to clean up a mess first before calling in a professional, and that’s absolutely acceptable. This allows you to save on the expense, particularly if the job is something you can accomplish safely. But if upon inspection of your property, you see that the filth is extensive, you should know better than to tackle it on your own.
The Beginner’s Guide to Services
Stains and dirt that cover most of the outside surfaces of your property can take very long to clean out, and you might find yourself spending weeks or perhaps even months just getting half of it done. What’s more, the safety hazards that come hand in hand with a job like that shouldn’t be confronted by a non-pro. If a job is too extensive for you, don’t hesitate to call in someone to do the job for you.
Services – Getting Started & Next Steps
2. If Damage is Possible – If you allow the dirt around the exterior of your home to accumulate and persist for a long time, you put your house at risk of damage. The bacteria found in the dirt around your house makes way for bacteria and other contaminants that eat away at your structure and make it weak. If you think that dirt has gone unnoticed for too long and threatens to damage your home, call in the professionals. This allows you to resolve the situation without further damaging your structure.
3. If It’s Scheduled – Prevention is always better than a cure, and that doesn’t only apply to your health. Your home needs regular maintenance as well to keep it in peak condition any time of the year, and so it would be wise to have it scheduled for regular pressure washing so that filth and dirt aren’t given a chance to thrive in your space. In doing this, you reduce the chances of damage and maintain your house looking clean and new all throughout the year.